What is hacking?
Hacking means compromising computer systems, personal accounts, computer networks, or digital devices. But it’s not necessarily a malicious act — there’s nothing intrinsically criminal baked into the official hacking definition. Another way to define hacking is simply as the use of technology or related knowledge to successfully bypass a challenge.
So what is a hacker? Based on how we’ve defined hacking here, a hacker is someone who leverages their technical skills and knowledge to solve a problem or challenge. Again, there’s nothing inherently bad about it.
When hackers breach a computer network or system, that’s called security hacking. And though the media typically depicts hackers as cybercriminals who thrive on stealing data and wreaking all sorts of other digital havoc, that type of illegal hacking is properly termed cracking.
A brief history of hacking activity
The first people to apply the term hacking in a technological context were the members of MIT’s Tech Model Railroad club. After the Second World War, these students started to use hacking to describe creating an innovative solution to a technical challenge. As computers emerged in the 1960s, curious club members took the term with them as they entered a new technological space.
A hacker is someone who leverages their technical skills and knowledge to solve a problem or challenge.
But it wasn’t until the 1980s that hacking exploded. For the first time, computers were available to the general public, and at affordable prices — almost anyone could buy a computer and experiment with hacking.
And experiment they did: Criminal hacking became so prevalent that in 1986, the US passed the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, the world’s first anti-cybercrime law. Many of The world most dangerious hacker in recent years take their cues from those early pioneers.
Types of hackers
At its core, hacking is about unbridled creativity, fearless innovation, and the boldness needed to push past standard modes of thought. But not all hackers are satisfied with hacking for its own sake.
The hacking community can be divided into three broad groups, based on the legality of what they’re doing.
There are three types of the hackers:
- Black Hat hackers
- White Hat Hackers
- Grey hat hackers
Black hat hackers
Black hat hackers are the kind the media loves to portray — the cloaked cybercriminal nimbly breaching a computer system to steal data, alter records, or pursue other unlawful aims.
If a black hat hacker discovers a vulnerability in a piece of software, they’ll take advantage of the flaw for criminal ends. They may create an exploit — a software tool used to leverage a given vulnerability — to get inside a computer system to spread Malware. Or, they might sell their discovery on the dark web.
Sometimes, black hat hackers will even try to coerce (or bribe) people to do the hacking for them in what’s known as an insider threat. In August 2020, a hacker offred a telisa employe $1million to covertly install ransomware at the company’s Gigafactory in Nevada, USA. But, fortunately, the employee reported the offer to the FBI instead, and the hacker was arrested.
White hat and ethical hackers
In contrast to their black-hatted brethren, white hat hackers do all their hacking out in the open. In fact, white hat hackers are the opposite of their black hat counterparts. Companies will often hire white hat hackers to deliberately hack their systems and software to identify any vulnerabilities or security flaws — a technique known as penetration testing. That way, companies can strengthen their security before a black hat hacker can break through. That’s why white hat hackers are said to practice ethical hacking.
Some white hat hackers work in-house at large organizations, whereas others are freelancers or contractors. In addition to security hacking, ethical hackers can target employees with phishing campaigns to test an organization’s resistance to real-world attacks and help to identify areas in which additional cybersecurity training may be needed.
Grey hat hackers
Grey hat hackers exist in the nebulous boundary between white and black. They’re not explicit altruists, like white hat hackers, nor are they singularly focused on criminal activities. Grey hat hackers tend to hack first and ask for permission later, unlike ethical hackers who get consent in advance.
Many grey hat hackers start by probing a company’s systems or software to identify a security flaw. Only then do they reach out to provide a solution — for a fee, of course. Others use hacking as a tool for activism, publicly exposing vulnerabilities so that the targeted company has no choice but to fix them. In 2013, a Grey hat hacker conformed mark zuckerberg directly using the security bug the hacker discovered to post on the CEO’s private wall, after Facebook had repeatedly rebuffed his previous attempts to report it.
While grey hat hacking may result in positive outcomes, it’s nevertheless illegal to practice security hacking without prior consent.
IN the present time this type of the hacker are present.
From the above information you can get a well knowledge about hacking